Vitellius to Vespasian
1. After the news that, Otho’s suicides , the Senate recognized Vitellius as the new emperor of Rome. He accept this post and moved towards city. As he was new, so he faced many problems.
2. The city peoples get worried when Vitellius chose the anniversary of the Battle of the Allia, that took place in 390 BC to accept his office. The Romans viewed this as a day of poor support according to superstitions. The events would prove the superstition true
3. Celebrations were started with feasts, banquets, and parades that sent the imperial treasury plummeting towards bankruptcy. Debts started to mount.
4. Money was the basic need so those who had lent out money started to demand repayment of funds.
5. As there was already shortage of money, so Vitellius strart torturing their people and threatened them. The financial state of the Empire was chaotic, but that didn’t stop Vitellius from killing citizens who threatened his claim.
6. One other way, he started to invite the people who claimed their money to their palace, with promises of power, but they murdered them in the palace. He was just trying to keep the mouths close of the people.
7. During this time, the legions stationed in the African province of what it now known as Egypt, Syria, and provinces in the Middle East, were pushing to have Vespasian take over as emperor.
8. In 67, Nero had given Vespasian a special command in Judaea and asked him to stop the Great Jewish Revolt. As a result, he gained support from the governor of Syria, Gaius Licinius Mucianus.
9. Now the two forces are combined and were against Vitellius. The forces that gathered out of the Judaean and Syrian legions were powerful and together, they marched to Rome under the command of Mucianus.
10. Vespasian made a trip to Alexandria, where he had been named the emperor on July 1. Because of this, he was able to gain control of influential grain supplies from Egypt.
11. Now the army almost reached the Rome. With enemies surrounding him, Vitellius tried one last time to win back the city with bribes and promises of power. He attempted to levy by force several allied tribes, such as the Batavians, but was not successful.
12. As The Danube army proceed more close to Rome, Vitellius realized that his life was heading into dangerous territory.
13. He felt that his last chance was to negotiate a truce and establish talks of peace. He sent emissaries that were accompanied by Vestal Virgins to stall for time. However, messengers alert the emperor that the enemy had already reached the gates of the city.
14. Now he was ready to flee the city. Many mistakes are done by Vitellius. But the last mistake was that he went into hiding and decided to visit the palace one last time. This was a fatal mistake, as he was caught by Vespasian’s men and killed.
15. On the following day, the Senate acknowledged Vespasian as the new emperor. The date was December 21, 69, and Rome had officially seen four different emperors before the end of the year.